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Related fiber arts include braiding, felting, embroidery and beading, punch-needle, quilling, quilting and painting. Another related fiber art is wool applique, and some artists incorporate elements of these with traditional rug hooking. 

BraidingFelting, and Proddy were popular in this year’s submissions, so each has it’s own page in this year’s show!

Some techniques allow the maker to use traditional rug hooking materials in ways that don’t involve loops.  Wool strips can be used to make embroidery stitches or wool quilling.  Quillies are spirals of cut strips which are sewn to the rug backing. 

Punch needle, and Micro-punch needle embroidery, are similar to hooking, in that loops are formed, but in punching, one works from the back and pushes a needle to the front and it leaves a loop as you move to the next punch.   Amy Oxford has popularized work with her punch needles, and heavier yarns.  The Micro-punch needle is typlically used with embroidery floss, or sock yarn.

Some special techniques of pulling the loops include “basket stitch” where alternate loops are pulled perpendicular to each other, and “beading” where two strands are carried along, and loops of the two colors alternate in a single row of hooking.  “Waldoboro” hooking involves pulling the loops extra high, packing them close together and then cutting them to create raised areas.

“Stained Glass”  or “Painted Sky”  – a technique where strips of specially dyed wool are kept and hooked in order to recreate the patterns of the dyed wool in the hooked piece.


Examine the rugs in this collection and see which special techniques and stitches you can find!